Xi said in the past eight years under his tenure, 98.99 million rural poor have been lifted out of poverty
China held a high-profile celebration on Thursday to mark what its President Xi Jinping described as “a complete victory” in eradicating absolute poverty.
Xi said that in the past eight years under his tenure, 98.99 million rural poor have been lifted out of poverty while all 832 “poor counties” and 128,000 “poor villages” have been lifted. removed from the government list.
He described the lifting of nearly 100 million people out of poverty in eight years as “a miracle” that “would go down in history”, offering “an example of China” to developing countries, although he declared “that no other country” could do it. therefore “in a short time”.
The elimination of absolute poverty in China is defined according to the government poverty line of 2.30 dollars in purchasing power parity (PPP) per person per day, which is above the international poverty line of 1 , 90 dollars PPA. According to the World Bank, China has lifted more than 850 million people out of poverty since its reforms began in 1978, triggering years of double-digit GDP growth.
The World Bank sets the poverty line for lower middle-income countries at PPP $ 3.20 and for upper-middle-income countries, such as China, at PPP $ 5.50. According to the World Bank, 373 million people in China live below the upper-middle income poverty line of $ 5.50.
Xi called a high-level meeting in the Great Hall of the People to mark the occasion, which was seen as aimed at polishing his legacy. Thursday’s event mainly focused on the past eight years of China’s fight against poverty, coinciding with Xi’s rise to power in 2012, rather than the legacy of four decades of his predecessors Deng Xiaoping, Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintao, which was little mentioned.
The official Xinhua The news agency said in a comment, “By 2020, after eight years of efforts, all of China’s roughly 100 million poor rural residents living below the current poverty line had shaken off poverty. Over the past eight years, constant attention and sustained push from Chinese President Xi Jinping has ensured continued momentum. Under his leadership, anti-poverty efforts have been integrated into every fabric of Chinese life, in which poverty reduction is a consensus and a constant call to action.
Other reports have also pointed out that 2012 was a turning point in China’s fight against poverty.
Xi acknowledged that although China has achieved the goal of eradicating poverty below its threshold of $ 2.30, set in the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, 10 years earlier than expected, the fight remained unfinished. “Getting rid of poverty is not the finish line, but the starting line of new life and new endeavor,” he said, with a defined “rural vitalization” strategy. in the 14th five-year plan (2021-2025) and the “Long-range Goals until 2035”, the plan his government released last year.
Chinese state media said infrastructure and connectivity were key factors in reducing poverty in poor and remote counties, with 1.1 million km of rural roads improved or built since 2012 and 4G coverage. reaching 98% of the poor rural population. Part of the strategy has also been to relocate people from remote counties and villages, with 9.6 million people displaced under the poverty reduction program.