The ASEAN Five-Point Consensus states that there will be an immediate end to violence in Myanmar and that all parties will exercise the utmost restraint.

India hailed the ASEAN five-point consensus on Myanmar, which calls for an “immediate end” to violence in the country and that all parties must exercise utmost restraint, as New Delhi reiterated its call for the release of the detained leaders.

Myanmar’s military seized power on February 1 after toppling the elected government led by Aung San Suu Kyi and declaring a state of emergency. Suu Kyi is one of some 3,400 people still held by the junta.

India’s position was made clear when the 15-nation United Nations Security Council held a private meeting on Friday on Myanmar.

The Permanent Representative of India to United Nations Ambassador TS Tirumurti subsequently tweeted that at the Council he said that India welcomed the initiative of the Association of Nations of the United Nations. ‘Southeast Asia and the five-point consensus.

He added that India will strengthen the efforts of ASEAN; the Security Council and the UN “should support their efforts”. He added that India continues to “insist on the release of the detained leaders and end the violence” and that New Delhi’s overall position on the situation is consistent.

On February 1, the Burmese army seized control of the country for a year and detained prominent politicians, including de facto leader Aung San Suu Kyi.

The ASEAN Five-Point Consensus states that there will be an immediate end to violence in Myanmar and that all parties will exercise utmost restraint; constructive dialogue between all parties concerned must begin to seek a peaceful solution in the interest of the people.

He said that a special envoy of the ASEAN President would facilitate the mediation of the dialogue process, with the assistance of the ASEAN Secretary General; ASEAN will provide humanitarian assistance through the AHA Center (ASEAN Coordination Center for Humanitarian Assistance for Disaster Management); and the special envoy and the delegation will travel to Myanmar to meet with all parties concerned.

India condemned the violence in Myanmar and welcomed the loss of life, while urging the utmost restraint and calling for the release of the detained leaders, stressing that the situation must be resolved peacefully and stressing its unwavering commitment to democratic transition.

Poverty rate

The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) said in its report, “ COVID-19, Coup d’Etat and Poverty: Compounding Negative Shocks and their Impact on Human Development in Myanmar ” as the ongoing political crisis. will undoubtedly further worsen the socio-economic impact of the pandemic, ”reducing income.

“In the worst-case scenario, nearly half of Myanmar’s population (48.2%) will live in poverty (up from 24.8% in 2017), reversing the progress made since 2005,” the report said.

He said if the situation on the ground persists, the poverty rate could double by early 2022.

“By then, the shock of the crisis will have resulted in significant losses of wages and incomes, especially on the part of small businesses, and reduced access to food, basic services and social protection.” UNDP Administrator Achim Steiner said that within 12 years, from 2005 to 2017, Myanmar had succeeded in reducing the number of people living in poverty by almost half.

“However, the challenges of the past 12 months have jeopardized all of these hard-won development gains. Without functioning democratic institutions, Myanmar faces a tragic and preventable setback to levels of poverty not seen in a generation. The situation worsened further with the military coup of February 1 and the resulting human rights and security crisis, with projections indicating a further 12% increase in poverty as a result. .

In the nearly three months since, more than 750 people – including children – have reportedly been killed by security forces in a brutal crackdown on pro-democracy protests, countless more have been killed. injured and thousands arrested, the report added.

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