The Climate Leadership and Environmental Action for our Nation’s Future Act, or CLEAN, requires 80% clean electricity by 2030 and 100% by 2035.

Three Democratic lawmakers in the U.S. House of Representatives on Tuesday unveiled a sweeping climate bill that encompasses President Joe Biden’s goals of reducing climate change, including decarbonizing the electricity grid by 2035.

Introduced by Representatives Frank Pallone, Paul Tonko and Bobby Rush, and incorporating contributions from the Biden administration, the bill includes a federal clean electricity standard requiring that a percentage of retail electricity sales come from sources that produce little or no carbon emissions.

The Climate Leadership and Environmental Action for our Nation’s Future Act, or CLEAN, requires 80% clean electricity by 2030 and 100% by 2035.

Energy could come from sources such as existing wind, solar and nuclear power. This could give nuclear power a boost, an industry that is experiencing shutdowns due to low prices for natural gas, a competing fuel.

The bill also sets the goal of a fully carbon-free economy by 2050.

On transportation, the largest source of carbon emissions, the bill authorizes $ 100 million per year from fiscal year 2022 to 2031 for entities that install electric vehicle power equipment (VE ) accessible to the public. It also requires the Energy Secretary to put in place a program to help determine where EV charging stations are needed and expand access to EVs in underprivileged communities.

The legislation, which must pass committees, then the Plenary House and Senate and be signed by Biden before it becomes law, does not include a carbon tax, a mechanism backed by some Republicans and businesses.

“The votes are just not there for a price on carbon,” also known as the carbon tax, Pallone told reporters. He said a carbon price was concerning from an environmental justice perspective, as it could allow industries to continue polluting as long as they buy permits from entities that have reduced their emissions elsewhere.

“It’s time to try something new,” Pallone said, noting that carbon tax plans failed Congress most recently in 2009/2010. Tonko, who prefers a carbon tax, called the clean energy standard “achievable.”

Three Republican officials, including David McKinley of coal-producing West Virginia, said the bill’s mandates would raise energy prices and make the country more dependent on supplies of essential minerals from China.

They want policies “to capture all the benefits of our abundant resources, which include coal, hydropower, nuclear technologies and clean natural gas.”

Another climate bill from McKinley and Representative Kurt Schrader, a Democrat, includes a less ambitious target of requiring utilities to cut emissions by 80% by 2050. Pallone said his bill could be adjusted to attract Republican support.

Given the thinnest possible Democratic majority in the Senate, Pallone suggested that senators might try to push through the bill as part of budget reconciliation in this chamber. This process requires only 51 votes instead of 60 in the 100-member Senate.

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