The plant is considered critically endangered.
A new species of alpine plant in the Tawang district of Arunachal Pradesh has been discovered by a group of scientists from three institutes in the country, according to a published article in Biodiversitas: Journal of Biological Diversity.
The new species belongs to the Himalayan sunflower family, said Lobsang Tashi Thungon, a researcher with the Northeast Regional Institute of Science and Technology, who is a member of the team.
“It is named as Cremanthodium indicum, and the plant species which usually blooms from July to August is endemic to Penga-Teng Tso Lake in Tawang District, where it was discovered, ”he said.
Two other scientists on the team are Dipankar Borah, associate professor of botany at Goalpara College in Assam, and Rajeev Kumar Singh, scientist at the Botanical Survey of India (BSI).
“The alpine plant species is assessed as Critically Endangered, according to IUCN guidelines,” Thungon said.
Habitat of Cremanthodium indica. Credit: Borah et al
“It is a perennial herbaceous plant that measures 16 to 24 cm in height. Cremanthodium indica grows in peaty soil among the mosses along the shores of the Alpine lake, ”the newspaper adds.
Tawang District is home to one of the northeastern state’s flowering plant assemblages, which attracts botanists from all over the world.