New Delhi: While India and other countries are optimistic about the adoption of electric vehicles (EVs), a new report released on Wednesday aimed to settle the debate that electric vehicles are not much cleaner than combustion vehicles. internal standards, claiming that even for cars registered today, battery-electric vehicles) have by far the lowest life-cycle GHG (greenhouse gas) emissions.
A white paper, published by the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT), a nonprofit, found that the lifetime emissions of mid-size average BEVs registered today are already 66 to 69% to those of comparable gasoline cars in Europe, 60-68 percent in the United States, 37-45 percent in China and 19-34 percent in India.
“Even for India and China, which still rely heavily on coal power, the lifecycle benefits of BEVs are present today,” said Peter Mock, ICCT Managing Director for Europe. .
Additionally, as the electric mix continues to decarbonize, the lifecycle emission gap between BEVs and gasoline vehicles increases dramatically when considering mid-size cars scheduled for registration. in 2030, the report notes.
The report examined the life-cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of passenger cars, including SUVs, and made sharp and meticulous distinctions between the climate impacts of battery-powered and battery-powered electric vehicles. fuel on the one hand and combustion vehicles on the other.
Only battery-electric vehicles (BEVs) and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) powered by renewable electricity can achieve the kind of significant reductions in GHG emissions from transportation that are in line with the target. ‘Paris agreement to keep global warming well below 2 degrees Celsius, he found.
“One of the important results of the analysis is to show that the lifecycle emission trends are similar across the four regions, despite the differences between them in terms of vehicle mix, network, etc. Already for cars registered today, BEVs everywhere have better relative performance in terms of GHG emissions than conventional vehicles, ”said Rachel Muncrief, Deputy Director of ICCT.
The analysis was carried out separately and in depth for the European Union, United States, China and India, and captured the differences between these markets, which together account for around 70% of new car sales in the world.
In addition to its global reach, the study is comprehensive by considering all relevant powertrain types, including plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and a range of fuel types, including biofuels, electrofuels, l hydrogen and electricity.
For the study, the lifecycle GHG emissions of cars registered in 2021 were compared to those of cars expected to be registered in 2030.
“Our aim with this study was to capture the elements that policymakers in these major markets need to fairly and critically assess the different technological pathways for passenger cars,” said Georg Bieker, ICTR researcher, author of the study.
“We know we need transformational change to avoid the worst impacts of climate change, and the results show that some technologies will be able to provide deep decarbonization and others clearly not,” Bieker added.