For those who think COVID-19 is a respiratory disorder, it’s time to think again. Over the days, it has become the biggest threat to trigger a wide range of neurological disorders.
Stroke, anxiety, confusion, and fatigue are some of the names on the long list. There are many cases where people have complained of difficulty staying focused, memory problems, and extreme fatigue after mild illness.
Neurological experts suggest that before, no one had realized that the virus caused brain problems, but after numerous analyzes, they realized that there could be many factors behind it. The coronavirus disrupts the flow of oxygen in the body, including the brain, resulting in blood clotting and the hyper-inflammatory response of the immune system.
However, it is still not clear whether the new virus itself also affects the brain. Although the recovery rate from the coronavirus infection has increased, many believe that coming home from the ICU is the start of many neurological conditions that a patient has never had before.
There has been evidence from the past that how a massive lockdown affected people’s brains. Neurologists are working hard to better understand how coronavirus infection affects their patients as various research has found the deadly virus to have a neurological impact.
Recent researchers at University College London (UCL) studied the brains of 43 patients with confirmed or suspected COVID-19 infections who developed neurological symptoms, such as inflammation, psychosis and delirium.
Scientists have identified 10 cases of temporary brain dysfunction with delirium, 12 cases of brain inflammation, eight cases of stroke, and eight patients with nerve damage. It has been observed that most people with inflammation have acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM). It is a rare disease and researchers believe it increased its prevalence during the pandemic.
If a person has neurological symptoms, they should immediately see a neurologist. Even doctors need to be aware of the possible neurological effects in the context of COVID.
We have already seen that COVID-19 can cause an extremely strong immune response called a cytokine storm. During a cytokine storm, the body overproduces immune cells and proteins to the point that they can attack tissues, leading to blood clots and organ failure in some cases. At this point, there is so little data on these patients that these explanations are only ideas. The need at the moment is to have various detailed studies so that possible neurological mechanisms can be understood and potential treatments can be explored.